Both possess very ambivalent thinking from the gender: while they cam or think about gender almost usually, plus offer in order to someone else about their intimate knowledge and experience, both are indeed fearful off intercourse, actually is actually care about-confessed virgins
D. Salinger’s The brand new Catcher on Rye, as name ways, are a novel built on literary parallels and you can allusions; this is why, their hero, Holden Caulfield, has been versus a number of most other emails, regarding both American and you can industry literary works.1 The nearest off Holden’s blood brothers, as the also a cursory questionnaire of one’s grievance away from Salinger’s unique will reveal, is recognized as Huckleberry Finn.dos And you may indeed there are recognized likenesses ranging from Huck and you may Holden: both are troubled kids on the road–psychologically, linguistically, and you will geographically–out of a grown-up business which they look for pretentious, hypocritical, shallow, horrible, and you may risky. step 3 Interestingly, even when, these types of anxiousness and you can obsessions are only the of them exhibited of the William Faulkner’s Quentin Compson, one of many protagonists of one’s Sound while the Rage. The key to the newest neurotic choices from each other letters is going to be found in the Freudian principle from anality, like once the one to theory might have been increased and you will reinterpreted by particularly after psychologists as the Norman O. Brown and you will Ernest Becker https://besthookupwebsites.org/altcom-review/. One another Holden and you can Quentin showcase personality traits that are from the some one whoever creativity might have been detained during the rectal stage.
The exterior parallels between the two characters are typically created, and you can striking. Both are brilliant, sensitive, introspective, well-advised teenagers: Holden is good seventeen-year-dated creating college or university pupil exactly who checks out “much” (18) and you can whoever most useful subject was English (110); Quentin try an enthusiastic eighteen-year-old freshman during the Harvard you never know Latin and you can quotes St. Francis. cuatro Additionally, each other Holden and you will Quentin project its intimate nervousness on to their sisters, implementing a defensive, “big brother” thoughts and seeking so you can bar the sisters’ access to your carnal training. Finally, the confused and you can disrupted intellectual says lead one another Holden and you can Quentin so you can think about suicide.5 Quentin, definitely, in place of Holden, in fact pursue using towards the their death wish to, to find a pair of flat-irons for body loads immediately after which hurling themselves away from a link toward Charles River.
However the biggest specifics of Holden Caulfield’s characterization –their paralyzing concern about sex, his overly defensive emotions towards their cousin, along with his below average preoccupation with death–was missing within the Twain’s portrait out of Huck
Since ideal prior to, the fresh new unifying mental foundation fundamental each other Holden and you will Quentin’s stress and anxiety away from sex, females, and you will passing is usually to be based in the Freudian theory regarding anality. Predicated on Freud, the rationale of all the mature neurosis is going to be utilized in the latest repressed intimate wishes off childhood. Freud posited about three amounts away from infantile intimate development: brand new oral (birth in order to one-year), within things of sucking and you can biting; the newest rectal (you to three years), targeting new children’s love for brand new anus and you may stools; together with phallic (two and a half to help you six many years), centering on the brand new kid’s discovery of pussy. When your children’s passing by way of each of these stages isn’t negotiated efficiently and you may gladly, the newest stifled pushes have a tendency to resurface inside adulthood in the form of certain neuroses. According to Freud, the fresh new mature characteristics that will be of this assertion and you can repression inside rectal phase is actually orderliness (as well as neatness), obstinacy, and you can parsimony (or possessiveness).6
Having Freud, rectal interest and gamble, such as the child’s procedures within the other phases out of infantile innovation, are mainly assertions of your own fulfillment principle across the reality and you may morality beliefs–exactly what do be regarded as during the retrospect since the futile attempts of the kid so you can stick to an Edenic realm of simple freedom and enjoy in the face of coming exile with the adult arena of functions and you may obligation. However, later on psychologists such as Norman O. Brownish and you can Ernest Becker possess assisted us to just remember that , the new concern is considerably more complicated than simply actually Freud had acknowledged. Inside the informative and you can influential guide, Lives Facing Dying, Brownish argues one to what is actually really are stamped to your understanding of any folks within the anal stage is nothing less than just “the brand new argument ranging from the animal human body, correctly epitomized on anal mode, and you may all of our pretentious sublimations, a great deal more particularly the fresh pretensions of sublimated or personal-Platonic like” (186). This means that, the rectal condition stands for the fresh new kid’s basic run into which have death and you can decay. As the Becker cards, echoing Brownish, “That have anal play the guy is to be a beneficial philosopher off the human position. But like all philosophers he’s nonetheless limited by it, along with his main activity in life gets the brand new assertion regarding exactly what new arse is short for: one to in reality, they are only human body where nature can be involved. Nature’s beliefs was real opinions, peoples values is actually mental opinions, and though it grab the loftiest aircraft they are centered on excrement, impossible without one, constantly brought back to help you it” (31). The brand new argument educated because of the man during the anal phase, hence, is the fact of your human anatomy in the place of your head or soul, the genuine in the place of the ideal.